Deaf Sports History movement
The History of the Deaf sports movement
The Deaflympics – a sporting event in which hearing impaired athletes compete (until 2001 - World Games for the Deaf ).The First World Games for the Deaf were held in Paris,1924 and since that moment the competition has been held every four years, apart from a break for World War II.
The first Games had such a success that at the meeting August 16, 1924 the delegation of the participating countries decided to create the International Committee of Deaf Sports (Comite International des Sport des Sourds - CISS, International Committee of Sports for the Deaf - ICSD). the foundation of Deaf Sports federations and the development of the charter for the newly formed international competition became the main aims of the committee. In the same year the World Summer Games for the Deaf were decided to be conducted under the auspices of the International Committee of Deaf Sports (ICSD) every four years.
In January, 1949 the 1st World Winter Games for the Deaf were held in Austria, attended by 33 athletes from five countries. In 1955 the International Olympic Committee recognized the ICSD as an International Federation with the Olympic principles, and two years later the committee began to change the charter making it in compliance with the Olympic ones. in May, 2001 the IOC Executive Committee made the decision to rename the World Games for the Deaf into the Deaflympics («Deaflympics») maintaining the numbering.
To participate in the Deaflympics an athlete must have a hearing loss of at least 55 dB. The use of hearing aids and cochlear implants are not permitted. Competitions are held in each form to the relevant rules of international sports federations (FIFA, FILA, FIVB , etc.) taken for healthy athletes. In some disciplines (such as swimming, athletics, etc.) light signals instead of the sound are used. The ICSD is composed of legally independent National Federations of deaf sports including more than 90 countries, united into 4 regional confederations (European, Pan American, African and Asia-Pacific).
Awards Deaflympics played for 21 summer and 5 winter sports. Summer discipline:
- Alpine Skiing;
- Cross-country skiing;
Non-deaflympics sports: water polo, golf, sambo, futsal, chess, checkers.
Russian Committee of Deaf Sports
Russian Committee of Deaf Sports (RCDS) was established October 25, 2001, and in accordance with the "Law on Physical Culture and Sports in Russia" is the subject of sports in Russia. RCDS is a full member of the International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (ICSD) and European Deaf Sport Organization (EDSO) and presents them in a sport Deaf Russia.
RCDS was created to:
- development , promotion and dissemination of the Deaflympics and international deaf sports in the Russian Federation, the Association of the Deaf associations for the development of Deaf movement, the development of sport for the Hearing Impaired , the preparation and participation of national teams in Russia Deaf Deaflympics;
- Familiarizing people with hearing disabilities to physical culture and sports, and is an important factor in spiritual education, rehabilitation and social adaptation of people with hearing disabilities;
- Promoting the goals and objectives of the International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (ICSD), the International Olympic Committee in the Russian Federation;
- Organization and assistance for the Deaflympics, World and European Championships.
RCDS objectives are:
- Promotion of citizens' fundamental principles of Olympism Russia and achievements of deaf athletes at the Deaflympics and other international sports competitions;
- Dissemination of knowledge about Deaflympics, the Olympic movement and the Olympic Games;
- Implementation of cultural-educational and rehabilitative potential of sport for self-identity of deaf, healthy lifestyles, development of physical, intellectual and moral qualities, achieving sporting success;
- Promoting the ideals and principles of honor and nobility in sports and in life;
- Implementing measures to ensure the preparation and successful performance teams of deaf athletes on Russia Deaflympics;
- The fight against the use of international sporting events doping and other health tools and techniques in sports training and competitions;
- The development and strengthening of relationships with international sports organizations;
- Promotion of development in Russia logistical base for training and competition for athletes with disabilities hearing